Scoring Rules of Gymnastics and Events for Men and Women

If you are an individual interested in performing gymnastics and are interested to know the details of the events associated with the sport, this article will serve your need. We bring to you detailed information about the events for both men and women in gymnastics. Also know about the scoring rules in this sport.

Gymnastics is a sport involving the performance of exercises and requires the physical strength, flexibility, agility, coordination, balance, grace and passion for the sport. Gymnastics involves exercises used by the ancient Greeks that included skills for mounting and dismounting a horse and from circus performance skills. Competitive artistic gymnastics is the most popular form of this sport. People of all ages can participate in gymnastics. Other gymnastic sports include rhythmic gymnastics, the various trampolining sports, aerobic gymnastics and acrobatic gymnastics.

Competitive artistic gymnastics typically includes a combination of men and women events. Here is a list of the gymnastic events for men and also the list of the gymnastic events for women. We also let you know about the various scoring rules in gymnastics.

Different Events in Gymnastics


Vault: in this event, female gymnasts sprint down a 25 meter (82 feet) runway, jump onto a beat board or springboard, land momentarily inverted on the hands on the vaulting horse or vaulting table then spring off of this platform to land on two feet. The entry point to the vault runway of the gymnast depends on his strength and height. She may perform somersaults in mid-air once in the post-flight segment. This event was previously with the help of a vaulting horse which has now been replaced by new equipment for gymnastics known as the tongue or the table.

•Uneven bars: Also known as asymmetric bars. Here the gymnast performs on two horizontal bars set at different heights. They perform swinging, circling, transitional and release moves. The gymnast often mounts the uneven bars using a springboard.

•Balance Beam: The gymnast performs a choreographed routine up to 90 seconds in length consisting of leaps, acrobatic skills, somersaults, turns and dance elements on a padded and sprung beam. The event requires, in particular, balance, flexibility and strength.

Floor Events: This event is executed on a 12 meter x 12 meter square surface usually known as a spring floor. Gymnasts perform a choreographed routine of about 90 minutes in this event. They must choose an accompanying music piece for their display. The routine generally consists of tumbling lines, series of jumps, dance elements, acrobatic skills and turns or pivots on one foot. Each level of gymnastics requires a different number and set of tumbling lines. At level 7, one is required to do 2-3 and at level 8-10 at least 3-4 tumbling passes are required for the display.


•Pommel Horse: This event typically requires both single and double leg work. Single leg skills are generally found in the form of scissors however it is the double leg work that is the main staple of this event. The male gymnast swings both legs in a circular motion and then to employ more difficulty often include variations on a typical circling skill by turning (moores and spindles) or by straddling their legs over the pommel horse. The event comes to an end when the gymnast performs a dismount.

•Floor: Very similar to the female gymnasts, the men also do perform floor exercises on a 12 meter x 12 meter spring floor. Here too a series of tumbling passes along with circles, scales and press handstands are performed to demonstrate flexibility, stance and balance. Unlike the female floor routine, the men's event usually has four passes that will total between 60-70 seconds and no music is required for the performance. Also the male gymnasts have to touch each corner of the floor during the performance.

•Still Rings: This event is performed with the aid of rings in which the gymnast can hang freely and swing around. He is required to perform a routine demonstrating balance, strength, power and dynamic motion. At least one static strength move is to be a part of the routine though there can be more. The dismount should be of a difficulty at par with the difficulty of the routine as a whole.

•Vault: This event too is very similar to the event for women in which the gymnast has to sprint down a runway with a maximum length of 25 meters and then perform on the vaulting platform.

•Parallel Bars: Male gymnasts perform on two bars slightly apart from each other while executing a series of swings, balances and releases thus demonstrating great strength and coordination.

•High Bar: The gymnast holds on to a thick steel bar and performs revolutions around the bar, release skills, twists and change in direction.

Scoring Rules in Gymnastics

A gymnast's score comes from the deductions taken from their start value. The start value of a routine is calculated based on the difficulty of the elements performed in the gymnast's routine and on the fact if the gymnast meets competition requirements. The requirements are different for different events. This score is called the D score. The deductions in execution and artistry are made on 10.0. This is called the E score. The final score is then calculated by taking deductions from the E score and then adding it on to the D score.


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